Kashmir is a region of the former British India whose ownership has long been disputed by India and Pakistan.
Troubles began in 1947 when British colonial rule ceased, leaving an independent India. At this time India was partitioned to create muslim Pakistan and majority-hindu India. Both countries claimed Kashmir, leading to the First Kashmir War in 1947. Since then India and Pakistan have fought wars in 1965 and 1999 over the territory, and China battled to claim the eastern part of Kashmir in 1963.
The turmoil has resulted in thousands of deaths. Many Kashmiris would prefer to form a country of their own.