In a speech in the 1970s, South Africa’s ambassador to the United Nations, Pik Botha, described Apartheid as multinational development. The word means separateness. Opponents had another translation of the Afrikaans word: apart hate. Government ministers had started to speak of separate development; they said that it was most unfortunate that their policy of allowing each race group to develop within its own culture, was called Apartheid.
They burst into people’s homes, dragged the inhabitants off for interrogation, tortured them, threw them out of high windows, and held them in prison without trial. BOSS hunted down opponents who had managed to flee abroad, and blew them to pieces with time bombs.
The security police beat the anti-Apartheid activist, Steve Biko, to death. They then announced that he had died as a result of a hunger strike. The film Cry Freedom portrays his life and death, through the eyes of journalist Donald Woods.
When questioned by journalists at the congress of the then ruling National Party, Minister of Justice Jimmy Kruger said that Biko’s death left him cold. He later tried to explain that his words dit laat my koud (literally it leaves me cold) were intended to mean he did not have an opinion about Biko's death.