"(Preface vii): Nor of such good friends as Charlie Sweeny, Bill Bird and Mike Strater, nor of André Masson and Miro."

In an excerpt from Valerie Hemingway's Running With Bulls, Charlie Sweeny is amongst the attendees listed at Hemingway's funeral: 'There was the octogenarian, Charlie Sweeny, a retired Colonel, whose association with Hemingway had spanned two wars and many decades'. Sweeny is described by journalist Nick Ryan as 'one of the most colourful mercenaries of the age'. Sweeny/Sweeney was 'friend to Ernest Hemingway and several Latin American revolutionaries. It was Sweeney who had placed notices for "opportunities" with European airforces at airfields and newspapers across the USA. For his efforts, Sweeney was chased by the FBI and Nazi spies, and hounded out of the country by an American press eager to stay out of the war.' According to TIME.com, Colonel Sweeny, 'who had fought in practically every war of the last four decades, though he sometimes could not remember on which side', became honorary commander of the British Airforce's Squadron 71.

Ezra Pound
Public DomainEzra Pound - Credit: Alvin Langdon Coburn (1882–1966)

 William Augustus Bird was an American journalist who ran a small press in Paris in the 1920s. Known as the Three Mountains Press, it published many

well-known works, including Hemingway's Three Stories and Ten Poems and a limited run of In Our Time (170 copies of this edition were produced). The press also published Ezra Pound's A Draft of XVI Cantos, after Hemingway put Bird in touch with the author. Pound then took a position as editor for the press.

In The Hemingway Society's 'The Hemingway Newsletter', William Gallagher of New York notes that Henry "Mike" Strater was founder of the Ogunquit [Maine] Art Museum and 'a member of "the Mob" who traveled to Key West and had known Hemingway since his days in Paris.'

Andre Masson (1896-1987) was a French painter who produced a number of works highly influential to the Surrealist movement.


Joan Miró i Ferrà (1893-1983) was a Spanish Catalan painter and sculptor often associated with Surrealism. However, he did not subscribe to one particular movement, rather developing his own style.


Hemingway purchased one of Miro's works entitled The Farm in 1923. He described it as having 'in it all that you feel about Spain when you are there and all that you feel when you are away and cannot go there.'