"I hung my old waterproof on the coat rack to dry and put my worn and weathered felt hat on the rack"

Just as women's style was being revolutionised post World War I, so too men's fashion was undergoing changes. Hats were particularly indicative of social class: 'upper class citizens usually wore top hats or a homburg hat. Middle class wore either a fedora or a trilby hat. Lower class wore a standard flat cap or no hat at all.'

Hemingway preferred to appear more impoverished than he was. The upper middle-class Chicago suburb of his upbringing, and where he continued to write home to his parents, did not exactly fit his working-class persona, and neither did Hadley's annual income from her trust funds. Yet Hemingway would continue to shun the affordable and offer little acknowledgement to his first wife's assets, which were paid into an account only he had access to.

Michael Reynolds writes: 'They did not need Hemingway's income from Star feature stories, for Hadley's several trust funds provided them with almost $3000 a year, more than enough money to live well in Paris. Their first apartment came furnished for only 250 francs a month, or less than $20. If he wished, Hemingway could have spent the entire year working on his fiction without selling a single line to the Star. Partly out of male pride, partly from lack of confidence, he could not take the step beyond the edge of middle-class life.' Moreover, 'his mother's inherited money built their North Kenilworth house and later her private cottage at Walloon Lake. Her money paid for her separate vacations taken each year to California or Nantucket. Ernest Hemingway saw exactly what his mother's money did to her marriage.' (Michael Reynolds, Hemingway the Paris Years, New York and London: W. W. Norton and Company, 1999, p.5-7)