"I had written journalism for Toronto and the checks for that were due."

Following his involvement in World War I -- not on the frontline, owing to poor eyesight, but as an ambulance driver -- and a short stint as a cub reporter with the Kansas City Star (1917-1918), Hemingway moved to Toronto and began freelancing for the Toronto Star. Having started out at a rate of $5 per article, he received his first by-line on 6th March 1920. He continued to write prolifically as a foreign correspondent whilst in Paris, 'where a handful of professional newsmen accepted him as Hemingway of the Star.'

'John Bone, his editor at the Toronto Star, bought anything Ernest sent, even the less than well-written pieces, paying at space rates. Hemingway could not turn down the easy money, for part of him worried about money the way his father did in Oak Park.' (Michael Reynolds, Hemingway the Paris Years, New York and London: W. W. Norton and Company, 1999, p. 6)