"the authoritative article on congestion of the lungs"

Founded by the American Medical Association in 1883, the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) is one of the leading publications in its field. The journal, which enjoys world-wide circulation, features original research and articles, with 48 editions released per year.

Considered one of history's most prominent physicians and credited as the founder of medicine, Hippocrates was a physician of ancient Greece. Rejecting superstition and the common belief that the gods or supernatural forces were responsible for inflicting sickness, he furthered the idea that illness had a rational explanation based inside the body.

Pulmonary edema -- or in the case of pneumonia: non-heart-related pulmonary edema -- is caused by the build-up of fluid in the lungs, i.e. congestion of the lungs. Without immediate treatment the condition can quickly escalate to become life-threatening.