Zelda was first institutionalised in France in 1930, where she came under the care of a Dr. Forel. Realising that Zelda -- like her husband -- harboured creative desires, Forel urged her to write about her thoughts and memories, the record of which still exists. Zelda was released in 1931 with the diagnosis of schizophrenia, and although she resumed the painting endeavours she had enjoyed before her breakdown, it is easy to see how her works may have subsequently slipped into the category of 'therapy', rather than standing in their own right.
In 1932 Zelda was once again admitted into an asylum, this time to Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore. During her first six weeks there she produced an entire novel: Save Me the Waltz, which was published by Scribner in October of the same year. Scott was apparently enraged upon reading the semi-autobiographical manuscript, as the initial copy infringed on material he was already using for the novel Tender is the Night (1934).
The majority of Zelda's remaining years were spent in mental institutions. Scott placed her in Asheville's Highland Hospital (North Carolina) in 1936, a facility to which she repeatedly returned. She passed away there in March, 1948, in a fire that claimed the lives of eight other women. For more on the relationship between Scott and Zelda see bookmark for page 88: 'Zelda, his wife'.