à bas Guillaume
down with William (Wilhelm)
Beaune
wine produced from town of the same name in the Burgundy region of France
Bel Esprit
Beautiful Spirit
binnacle
case on the deck of a ship in which a compass is housed
bonne
directly translates to mean 'good'; however, is often used to denote someone of very ordinary demeanour, station or intellect with whom the speaker would not wish to associate: e.g. 'un bonhomme', 'une bonne femme'.
boulets
literally translates to mean 'cannonballs'
C'est entendu
It is heard
cabinet de toilette
lavatory; washroom
café au lait
coffee with milk
café crème
espresso coffee with cream
Cahors wine
a red wine made from grapes grown in France's south-western region of Cahors
Campari
An Italian aperitif made from bitter herbs, aromatic plants and fruit
Capri
type of alcoholic cocktail; could also refer to the white Italian wine 'Capri Bianco' that Hemingway enjoyed and referenced in his novel 'Across the River and into the Trees'
carafe
glass vessel with a narrow neck used for serving beverages
carding (wool)
a process by which wool fibres are separated and straightened, thus making them easier to spin into yarn
cassoulet
slow cooked bean stew or casserole that contains meat
cauterize
to burn, sear or freeze unwanted tissue (often to prevent the spread of infection)
Chambéry Cassis
blackcurrant variety of a wine produced in France's alpine region of Chambéry
chamois
a species of goat-antelope usually found in Europe's mountainous regions
chancre
canker; ulcer-like sore
charcuterie
a delicatessen specialising in meats
chasseur
literally translates to mean 'hunter', but is also the term used to denote certain regiments of light cavalry and infantry trained for rapid action
Châteauneuf-du-Pape
highly reputable wine made in the French region of the same name
citron pressé
similar to lemonade, a drink prepared to taste using fresh lemon juice, sugar and a pitcher of water
cleated
supported or strengthened by a strip or wedge of material, usually metal or wood
colitis
inflammation of the colon
concierge
a person who acts as caretaker to a hotel or set of apartments and usually lives on site
Corsican wine
Any of the wines produced on the island of Corsica, which despite being a territory of France, upholds many of the Italian traditions of wine-making
cote
quote
Cunarder
A ship from the Cunard Line
dace
Of the carp family, European dace are silver freshwater fish, usually measuring 25-30cm.
demi
a half (pint or metric liter)
demi-fond
middle distance (800-3000 metres)
distingué
literally translates to mean 'distinguished', but used in reference to the pre-metric pint (as opposed to the 'formidable' liter)
eau-de-vie
a colourless brandy produced through the distillation of fermented fruit juice
endive salad
chicory salad
Entendu
heard
entraîneurs
coaches
Enzian Schnapps
a speciality liquor produced in the Alps from distilled gentian-roots
feria
a 'free day' from work during which a type of market fair/festival is usually held; 'Feria del Toro': 'Bull Fair'
fine à l'eau
brandy with water
Fleurie
generally a Beaujolais wine (light-bodied red) produced in the Fleurie region of eastern France
foie de veau
calf liver
framboise
raspberry
friture
literally translates to mean 'frying', but is also used for a dish of small fish that have been lightly battered and deep-fried
funicular
a cable railway in which a pair of cable cars are simultaneously transported up and down a steep slope using their counterbalanced weight
gallows humor
humour arising from traumatic and often life-threatening situations; it differs from black comedy in that it is usually delivered by the person affected
gamut
an entire range or extent
Gendarmerie
a uniformed national police force that sometimes comprises part of the military
gentian
a perennial or annual flowering plant typical to alpine regions
goujon
small pieces of fish that have been deep-fried, now also made using chicken
Gruss Gott
German greeting which literally translates as 'Greet God'
handicap
the comparison of each horse prior to a race in an attempt to predict and place the winning bet
inaccrochable
basically translates to mean 'unpublishable'
irascible
quick to anger; prone to outbursts of hot-headedness
Javanese
Hailing from the island of Java in Indonesia, which is located between Sumatra (to the west) and Bali (to the east)
jeune homme
young man
jugged hare
marinated pieces of whole hare mixed with red wine and juniper berries and cooked in a jug that stands in boiling water
kiosque
newsstand
kirsch
type of cherry brandy
légitime
literally translates to 'legitimate'
Le Water
the WC; water closet (lavatory)
limey
Old American/Canadian slang term for 'British'
locataire
tenant; lodger
Mâconnais
Deriving its name from the town of Mâcon and famed for its Chardonnay wines, the Mâconnais area of France lies to the south of the Burgundy wine region
Marsala
wine produced in Sicilian region of Marsala, Italy
métier
job
milieu
setting, location or environment in which something takes place
mimeograph
cheap way of printing by forcing ink through a prepared stencil
mirabelle
a small yellow plum produced by the mirabelle prune tree, which is prevalent in French region of Lorraine
Monsieur Dunning est monté sur le toit et refuse catégoriquement de descendre
Mister Dunning went up on the roof and categorically refuses to get down
Montagny
a white wine from the Montagny region of eastern France
mot juste
'right' or 'exact' word
Muscadet
a white wine from the Loire Valley region of France
palliate
to relieve or lessen in severity without curing
patron
employer
pension
boarding house; small hotel
plat du jour
dish of the day
pommes à l'huile
literally 'apples in oil', but 'pomme de terre à l'huile' would be 'potatoes in oil'
portugaises
variety of French oyster (see 'Bookmark' for page 72)
poularde de Bresse
chicken from Bresse (a former province of France)
poupeé
lady doll
ptarmigan
a plump gamebird, which has a slightly larger stature than the grey partridge
questsche
(often 'quetsche' in English) a large purple plum usually found in the Alsace region of France
régulière
literally translates to 'regular'
Rhinelander
Person from the Rhineland: today the region of Germany along the Rhine river between Bingen and the border with Holland; between World War I and World War II denoted the entire territory to the west of the Rhine that was occupied by the Allies
rum St James
a regional rum from the island of Martinique
Sancerre
wine originating from the Sancerre region (eastern part) of the Loire Valley
sauce Béarnaise
a hot emulsified butter sauce
savants
scholars
seltzer
carbonated water
serieux
serious
shills
those who pose as enthusiasts, often overly praising something in order to dupe bystanders into a swindle.
sommelier
wine steward
spiral fracture
a fracture where the bone has been forced apart due to a twisting force
St-Émilion
Wine from the area of Saint-Émilion in south-western France: one of the major red wine regions of Bordeaux
syphon
a tube running from a vessel to a lower level at its exterior which forces the drainage of liquid via atmospheric pressure
the Esterel
the Massif de l'Esterel is a mountain range on the south-east coast of France
toe-jam
unpleasant substance that accumulates between the toes of unwashed feet
tournedos
portion of meat, usually a cut of beef from the tenderloin
trout au bleu
a way of cooking newly caught trout -- by immersing it in boiling court-bouillon -- which turns the skin a metallic blue
Une demi-blonde
A half measure (250ml) of light beer
valet de chambre
full French term for 'valet', meaning a manservant who acts as personal attendant to his employer
vermouth
a wine 'aromatised' with herbs and spices to enhance the flavour
Weinstube
a type of German wine bar usually found in areas that produce white wines
wolves
slang term used for male homosexuals of aggressive nature