"air and rain and turf and corduroy."

Turf, in this context, is peat. Dried peat was the main fuel burnt in the home.

Peat
GNU Free Documentation LicensePeat

 Corduroy is a ridged form of velvet and is considered a very durable cloth. It has other names, such as corded velveteen, elephant cord, pin cord and Manchester cloth.

Corduroy
GNU Free Documentation LicenseCorduroy