"A vague dissatisfaction grew up within him as he looked on the quays and on the river and on the lowering skies and yet he continued to wander up and down day after day as if he really sought someone that eluded him. "

This quote marks with subtlety the beginning of Stephen's inner exile. Joyce felt that he could not have artistic freedom in Ireland, and went into self-imposed exile, eventually settling in Zurich. The theme of exile is therefore an important part of his work.