"Are you Irish at all?"

A question much discussed in the columns of Arthur Griffith's United Irishman, in 1901. The purists argued that only Gaels were truly Irish. The more liberal view was that any "Irish born man" should be affirmed as Irish. Interestingly enough, the purists denied the distinction "Irish" to many outstanding Irish born men, including Grattan, Wolfe Tone, Parnell, Yeats, Synge and Joyce himself.