"It leads to eugenics rather than to esthetics."

Stephen takes into account other theories in which it was said that beauty was connected to the function of woman in the propagation of species.

Eugenics is the study and practice of selective breeding applied to humans, with the aim of improving the species. In a historical and broader sense, eugenics can also be a study of "improving human genetic qualities". It has now come to be associated with the policies of the Nazi party in twentieth century Europe.