It is often represented in art by a dove.
The four main fasts in the Christian calendar are: Easter (lent), Christmas (advent), Saint Mary and Saint Peter's and Paul's lent. Fasts are conducted to prepare and purify the believer in advance of significant holidays (holy days).
Amana is the name of a mountain, probably Amanus, or the southern summit of Anti-Libanus, at the base of which are the sources of the River Abana. The name appears in the Bible in the Song of Solomon 4:8.
This is an ironic reference to Capuchin robes, worn by monks of the order of Capuchin, which is an offshoot of the Franciscans. The monks are dedicated to living a frugal and humble life.
This quote refers to a horse harness, a type of horse tack that allows a horse or other equine to pull vehicles such as a carriage, wagon or sleigh. Harnesses may also be used to hitch animals to other loads such as a plough or canal boat.
Stradbrook is an area in Dublin.
Victor Hugo wrote many outstanding novels and theatre plays, such as Les Miserables, Notre Dame de Paris, Hernani, La legende de siecles.
Louis Veulliot was mainly a journalist and therefore his writings bear a political and historical interest rather than an artisitic and literary one.
Exorcism is the practice of evicting demons or evil spirits from someone or something they are believed to have possessed. The practice is ancient, and forms part of the belief system of many cultures.
Ite missa est are the final words addressed to the congregation in the Mass. It means 'go' or 'it is sent'; the term 'Mass' derives from it (missa).
The sin of Simon Magus is presented in the Bible, Acts 8:18-24. Simon wanted the power of the Holy Spirit, which he believed the Apostles could bestow. He wrongly offered to pay for this power. Later Christians believed he was a demon in human form, sent to tempt the Apostles; he was said to be able to fly. The stories of Simon the Sorcerer persisted into Medieval times.
Esotericism developed in the Middle Ages. Christian esotericism regarded religion as a mystery, available only to a small circle of initiated people.
Esoteric knowledge, in the dictionary (non-scholarly) sense, is thus that which is available only to a narrow circle of "enlightened", "initiated", or specially educated people. Esoteric items may be known as esoterica. In contrast, exoteric knowledge is knowledge that is well-known or public; or perceived as informally canonic in society at large.
Melchizedek offers them as a sacrifice. In Catholic tradition, priests are therefore of the order of Melchizedek; at the Last Supper, Jesus refers to him when he offers bread and wine.
This is a quote that I like and that cannot be explained. The word destiny seems central to it - meaning a predetermined future based on the Ancient Greek belief that there is a fixed natural order in the cosmos. This quote is central to Stephen's realisation of his place in the world.