"a woman must have money and room of her own if she is to write fiction"
Virginia Woolf/Oil on canvas/ Christiaan Tonnis 1998
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeVirginia Woolf/Oil on canvas/ Christiaan Tonnis 1998 - Credit: Christiaan Tonnis, Flickr.

Virginia Woolf introduces us to the central tenet of her essay in an absolutely clear, no-nonsense way. She is making the point that no amount of literary talent or ambition is of any significance if an author's most basic needs (i.e. a physical space to write in, and a means of supporting herself/himself financially) are not met. She is also making the point that female authors are more likely than male authors to have difficulty achieving these fundamental requirements of literary creativity.