CLYTEMNESTRA is a figure in Greek mythology, and one of the main characters in Aeschylus' Oresteia, a drama in three parts. In the first part she murders her husband, Agamemnon, and in the second, she herself is murdered.
ANTIGONE is the name given to two figures in Greek mythology: the daughter of Oedipus, and the daughter of Eurytion.
PHAEDRA (PHÈDRE) was the wife of Theseus. She fell in love with his son by a previous marriage and then falsely accused him of rape, leading to his death.
CRESSIDA is the lover of Troilus in one of Shakespeare's tragedies, Troilus and Cressida, which is set during the period of the Trojan War. It has been described by Joyce Carol Oates as one the most 'vexing and ambiguous of Shakespeare's plays'.
Geoffrey Chaucer also wrote a poem entitled Troilus and Criseyde which was partly the source for Shakespeare's play.
DESDEMONA is Othello's wife in Shakespeare's tragedy Othello. She is murdered by her husband after he is misled by his malicious servant, Iago, into thinking that she has been unfaithful to him.
THE DUCHESS OF MALFI is the main character in a tragedy by the English playwright John Webster (1580-1634). It is based partly on true events recorded in William Painter's The Palace of Pleasure (1567.