"The Wars of the Roses"

The Wars of the Roses were fought in England mainly between 1455 and 1485. They involved two factions, the royal houses of Lancaster and York, both of whom were making claims to the English throne. One of the most notable battles was that of Bosworth Field (1485) where  Henry Tudor (Henry Vll) defeated Richard lll.

The name is derived from the badges which represented the two sides, namely the White Rose of York, and the Red Rose of Lancaster.

King Richard lll at Bosworth Field by Doyle (c.1864)
Public DomainKing Richard lll at Bosworth Field by Doyle (c.1864) - Credit: James William Edmund Doyle (1822-92)