"the influence of the tragedies of Joanna Baillie upon the poetry of Edgar Allan Poe"
Edgar Allan Poe - photograph of a daguerrotype (1848) taken by Tatman
Public DomainEdgar Allan Poe - photograph of a daguerrotype (1848) taken by Tatman - Credit: C.T.Tatman (1904)

EDGAR ALLAN POE (1809-1849) was an American poet, short-story writer, critic and editor,  particularly well known for his horror stories and tales of mystery and suspense. He is also credited with having created the first fictional detective - Auguste C. Dupin - in his story The Murders in the Rue Morgue.

Illustration for 'The Murders in the Rue Morgue', Sidgwick & Jackson (1909) by Shaw
Public DomainIllustration for 'The Murders in the Rue Morgue', Sidgwick & Jackson (1909) by Shaw - Credit: Byam Shaw

His literary works include The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket (1838) and Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque (1839). He also published two volumes of poetry: Tamerlane and other poems (1827) and The Raven and other poems (1845).

Text of The Raven

Manet illustration for French translation of 'The Raven' (1875)
Public DomainManet illustration for French translation of 'The Raven' (1875) - Credit: Édouard Manet (1832-1883)
Joanna Baillie - engraving by H. Robinson after a portrait by Sir William Newton (pre 1851)
Public DomainJoanna Baillie - engraving by H. Robinson after a portrait by Sir William Newton (pre 1851) - Credit: William Newton, H. Robinson

JOANNA BAILLIE (1762-1851) was a Scottish poet and playwright, and one of the few women of her period to achieve literary success.

She published several volumes of poetry from 1789 onwards, including Fugitive Verses (1840), some of which are written in Scots dialect.

She also published several volumes of plays including Plays on the Passions, which was published in three volumes between 1798 and 1812, and Miscellaneous Plays (1836).

Some of her tragic plays (particularly De Monfort and Orra) are now viewed as early examples of Gothic fiction, and she is considered as having had an influence on Gothic writers such as Mary Shelley, Edgar Allan Poe, Charlotte Dacre, and Charles Brockden Brown.

 

Mary Shelley (c.1840) by Rothwell
Public DomainMary Shelley (c.1840) by Rothwell - Credit: Richard Rothwell (1800-1868)