Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa was an Irish Fenian leader and prominent member of the Irish Republican Brotherhood. In 1870 Rossa was freed from jail following five years' incarceration for plotting a Fenian rising in 1865, however he was only freed on the condition that he would not return to Ireland. He moved to the United States and settled in New York City. Following his death in 1915, Rossa's body was returned to Ireland for burial and a hero's welcome. The graveside oration, given by Patrick Pearse, remains one of the most famous speeches of the Irish independence movement.