"the Cairo Gang"

The Cairo Gang was a group of British intelligence agents, sent to Dublin to conduct intelligence operations against prominent members of the Irish Republican Army during the Anglo-Irish War. On the morning of 21 November 1921, 12 people including British Army officers, Royal Irish Constabulary officers and a civilian informant were assassinated by the IRA in a series of simultaneous strikes planned by Michael Collins. These were the first deaths, on what later became known as Bloody Sunday. There is no one agreed root for the name but some claim it derived from a shared history of service in the Middle East, whilst others argue it was due to the fact that the Cairo Gang often held meetings in the Cairo Cafe, Dublin.