Page 385. " flaring Jezabels "

Jezabel and Ahab Meeting Elijah in Naboth's Vineyard
Public DomainJezabel and Ahab Meeting Elijah in Naboth's Vineyard - Credit: Sir Francis Dicksee (1853-1928)
Jezebel was a princess, whose story is told in the Book of Kings.  She was the daughter of Ethbaal, King of Tyre, and wife of Ahab, King of North Israel.  She was a strong power behind the throne, and converted Ahab from Judaism to worship her Phoenician god Baal.  After she had many Jewish prophets killed, Elijah challenged 450 prophets of Baal to a competition in which he exposed the rival god as powerless, and had Baal’s prophets slaughtered.

Following Ahab’s death, her sons took the throne. The Jewish prophets however led a coup against them, and they were overthrown and killed.  The victors then came for Jezebel, who was thrown from a window and killed.  Jezebel’s name came to be associated with false prophets, and promiscuity, and later with fallen or abandoned women. 

Page 385. " the wise Arabian stories "
1001 Nights
Public Domain1001 Nights

The Thousand and One Nights, also called The Arabian Nights, had been known in Europe since the first French translation was made in 1704.  The first English edition, in 1706, bore the title The Arabian Nights' Entertainment.

The collection of Arabian and Persian folk tales that forms The Thousand and One Nights dates back to around the 9th century.  They are framed within the story of Scheherazade, the new wife of King Shahryar.  The King, deciding all women are unfaithful, has formed the habit of marrying virgins only to have them executed the morning after the wedding. Scheherazade manages to delay this fate for 1001 nights by telling the King such a compelling story each night - withholding its cliffhanger ending - that he must keep her alive another day to find out how it turns out. 

The most famous characters include Aladdin, Sinbad and Ali Baba.