" upon which is a small stone statue of a woman with enormous hips "
This is the Venus of Willendorf, also known as the Woman of Willendorf.
Many such statues have been found. They seem to be associated with fertility.
" Bilquis,’ she tells him, raising her head. ‘With a Q.’ "
Bilquis is one of the names the Queen of Sheba takes in The Qur’an. She is also known in Arab texts as Balquis.
Ethiopian accounts refer to her as Makeda or Maqueda. In Yemen she is called Mareb, and the Roman historian Josephus calls her Nicaule.
" The air was blue with smoke, and the Dixie Cups were on the juke box singing 'Iko Iko'. "
Iko Iko by The Dixie Cups.
" Well I never. Mad Sweeney. "
Mad Sweeney appears in Irish legend as king Suibhne, sent mad by a curse.
He tells Shadow he is a leprechaun.
" ‘Mead,’ said Wednesday. ‘Honey wine. The drink of heroes. The drink of the gods.’ "
Mead is alcohol made by fermenting honey and water. Although found throughout the world, mead is most commonly associated with the Saxons and is referenced in Beowulf.
" Shadow palmed it in his right hand, classic palm, "
" it took him some moments to identify it as the Beatles’ ‘Fool on the hill’. "
Fool on the Hill version sung by Norwegian Wood, written by The Beatles