Page 478. " Loki Lie-Smith "

Loki is a Norse jotunn or god, sometimes both.

He is a trickster who revels in chaos. Sometimes helpful to the Norse gods, at other times he opposes them.


Page 486. " A world tree "

A world tree is found in several mythologies, especially Indo-European, Siberian and Native American myths. These giant trees hold up the Heavens, connecting them to the Earth and, through their roots, the Underworld.

Yggdrasil, the Nordic world tree, is an ash tree.

Page 492. " whose name seemed to be Urtha or Urder "

The three women are the Norns: Urder, Verdandi and Skuld.

They are comparable to the Greek Fates as they watch over and control mankind's destiny.


Page 496. " sounded a lot like 'ratatosk'. "

Ratatoskr is a squirrel who runs up and down Yggdrasil, passing messages from the unnamed eagle who lives atop the tree to the dragon Nidhoggr who lives beneath the roots of the tree.


Page 497. " an elephant-headed man, pot bellied, one tusk broken "

This is the Hindu god Ganesha, 'Remover of Obstacles' and 'Lord of Beginnings.'