"But Ireland is free, says Dad, and that's a grand thing"
Eamon de Valera
Public DomainEamon de Valera

The Irish Free State was established in 1921, but the six counties of Ulster remained part of the United Kingdom (Northern Ireland).  In 1932, Eamon de Valera became head of the Free State.  He sought to reduce and finally end British influence in Irish affairs.  He called for an end to the oath of allegiance to the British crown.