"he hands out a small book, a poem that goes on for pages and pages, The Deserted Village by Oliver Goldsmith. "

Oliver Goldsmith
GNU Free Documentation LicenseOliver Goldsmith - Credit: Frederic
Oliver Goldsmith (1728-74) wrote "The Deserted Village" in 1770.  This nostalgic pastoral poem regrets the migration of poor farmers and their families from the country to the city, following the Inclosure Acts (1750-1860). These acts took away the rights of farmers to graze animals on common land.