"He had a reason for preferring Liberalism to the Conservatism of many in his set, it was not that he considered the liberal outlook more rational but because it corresponded better with his mode of life."

Though Tolstoy was a landowner and had a large estate with many servants, he had a different outlook that suggests liberalism. He seems to have gotten this ideas from his visit to Europe and meeting with Victor Hugo, the french author of Les Miserables. He even build schools for his serf's children, a thing unheard of among most Russian landowners of those days.