"'Ah, Constantine Dmitrich! back again in our corrupt Babylon!'"

 

The ancient city of Babylon
Public DomainThe ancient city of Babylon

Corruption was rife in Tsarist Russia especially in the major cities of Moscow and Petersburg. Tolstoy compares this corruption to that of Babylon depicted in the Bible, a strong indicator of his religious belief. Babylon was the capital of Mesopotamia, in present day Iraq. The city state was famous for its dictatorial rulers, especially Hamurabi and Nebuchadnezzar.