William Pitt the Younger (1759-1806) was the youngest ever British Prime Minister and served during the French Revolution and Napoleonic wars.
He was the son of the famous statesman William Pitt the Elder and was governing the country at the tender age of 24. (He was also Chancellor of the Exchequer during his career).
Pitt the Younger can be accredited with the introduction of the dreaded income tax and also adjusted customs and excise duties, making them more simple and mangeable.
Imperial and foreign policy were other key areas on Pitt the Younger’s political agenda, but success with the India Act of 1784 was followed by failure with France and war was declared on the UK in 1793.
Pitt the Younger’s successes plummeted when his attempts to unite Ireland with Britain backfired with his Act of Union in 1801 and his resignation promptly followed the same year.
However, the threat of Napoleon caused the king to invite Pitt back to government and he became prime minister again in May 1804. Pitt the Younger brought Britain into the Third Coalition against France (made up of Austria, Russia and Sweden) and in 1805 the British defeated the French navy at the Battle of Trafalgar.
Pitt the Younger is buried at Westminster Abbey.