"Sterne, Gerhardi, Chekhov, Turgenev, Mansfield"
Laurence Sterne
Public DomainLaurence Sterne - Credit: Louis Carrogis Carmontelle c1762

Irish author Laurence Sterne (1713-1768) doubled up as an Anglican clergyman, publishing both novels - The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman and A Sentimental Journey Through France and Italy – and sermons.

Acclaimed novelist William Alexander Gerhardie (1895-1977) drew on personal experience in Russia to write his debut novel – ‘Futility’.

He became an established and much respected and highly esteemed author and playwright, admired by the likes of Evelyn Waugh and HG Wells.

Russian writer of short stories (and one of the world’s best at that), Anton Pavlovich Chekhov had many more strings to his bow, including that of playwright and…physician. He was both a practicing doctor and writer throughout his career, referring to the former as his ‘lawful wife’ and the latter his ‘mistress’.

He too took the ‘stream of consciousness’ approach to his writing – which notoriously confounds some and delights others.

Turgenev after receiving his Honorary Doctorate in Oxford in 1879
Public DomainTurgenev after receiving his Honorary Doctorate in Oxford in 1879 - Credit: unidentified Original uploader was Las36 at en.wikipedia
Another great Russian writer was Ivan Sergeyevich Turgenev (1818-1883), who penned novels, short stories and plays.

Turgenev made waves with his debut work, which consisted of short stories steeped in Russian Realism. Meanwhile, his novel, Fathers and Sons has been called one of the major works of 19th-century fiction.

Katherine Mansfield (14 October 1888 – 9 January 1923)
Public DomainKatherine Mansfield (14 October 1888 – 9 January 1923) - Credit: Source: Notable Names Database
Joining the ranks of successful modernist writers, Kathleen Mansfield Beauchamp Murry (1888-1923) was produced short fiction works under the pen name of Katherine Mansfield.

Brought up in New Zealand, she arrived on English shores in 1908, subsequently hooking up with her peers -  D.H. Lawrence and Virginia Woolf. Her stories, inspired by the work of Chekhov, include ‘The Doll’s House’ and ‘The Fly’, amongst many highly acclaimed others.