English poet David Gascoyne (1916-2001) was keenly interested in the Surrealist Movement, and his work on the subject, along with his translations of French surrealists, essentially made his name. The material was collectively published in 1936, entitled Man’s Life is This Meat.
His 1938 work, Hölderlin's Madness, cemented Gascoyne’s position at the top.
Surrealism originated at the beginning of the 1920s. It was considered revolutionary and philosophical – it brought the unexpected to the artistic table, as well as the thoughts of those involved in the Movement.
It permeated a variety of mediums over the years, including literature, film and music and influenced political thought.
Gascoyne eventually left Surrealism behind as he got older, looking instead at religious poetry. He was fated to suffer a mental breakdown on the Isle of Wight, where he retreated in his later years.