Beijing, formerly known as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China (PRC). Located in a basin in Northeastern China, Beijing is subject to harsh winters and stifling summers. In Chinese, Beijing literally means "Northern Treasure."
Today, Beijing is one of China's biggest and most urbanized cities, having benefited from China's economic miracle. The city hosted the 2008 Summer Olympics. Unfortunately, Beijing also ranks among most polluted cities in the world.