"Mao's "Little Red Book""

To promote understanding of his "Revolutionary" policies, Mao Zedong published a book containing many of his ideas and quotes. In the Western World, this became known as the "Little Red Book." In China, citizens were required to carry the book on their person at all times. Failure to do so would result in severe punishment, and the miscreant would be labeled a "Counter Revolutionary" or "Capitalist Roader."