"the two "city youths""
Farming during the Cultural Revolution
Creative Commons AttributionFarming during the Cultural Revolution - Credit: ivanwalsh.com

The "city youths" were participants in China's Down to the Countryside Movement of the late 1960s and early 1970s. This policy was instituted by Chairman Mao to re-educate young urban people by sending them to remote rural and mountainous areas in China. There they were expected to learn from local farmers and villagers. Many of these city youths missed the opportunity to attend college and, as a result, are sometimes referred to as China's "lost generation" or the Rusticated Youth of China.