He was best known for his anti-revisionist Marxism-Leninism ideology. He also was an admirer of Joseph Stalin. Hoxha and Mao formed a relationship based on the purity of their interpretation of Marxism. China and Albania formed important trade links, and Albania played a central role in lobbying for the People's Republic of China to take over the UN seat occupied by the Republic of China (Taiwan) in 1971.
Hoxha broke away from Maoism in 1976-1978, developing Hoxhaism.