Robinson Crusoe is a novel by Daniel Defoe, published in 1719.
The novel is the fictional autobiography of Robinson Crusoe, an English castaway who spends 28 years stuck on a tropical island near Trinidad. There, he encounters cannibals, captives and mutineers and has a series of adventures before being rescued. On one occasion, he rescues Man Friday, who becomes Crusoe's servant and companion.
The novel is thought to have been influenced by the story of Alexander Selkirk, a Scottish castaway who lived four years on a Pacific Island called “Mas a Tierra”. The island was renamed Robinson Crusoe Island in 1966. However, Crusoe’s island was probably based on the Caribbean island of Tobago. It is also likely that Defoe was inspired by the Latin or English translations of Ibn Tufail's Hayy ibn Yaqdhan, an earlier novel also set on a desert island. The latter was the first notable literary work whose story was independent of mythology, history, legend, or previous literature.