This is a common condition called Morton's Toe. It is associated with various disputed ethnic and anthropological interpretations, one of which is that people with longer second toes are sometimes associated with royalty; this stems from the Greek era.
A longer second toe was considered an aesthetic standard in Greek sculpture (the Statue of Liberty "suffers" from this disorder).
Anthracite is a hard, compact variety of mineral coal that has a high luster. It has the fewest impurities of all types of coals, which also include bituminous coal and lignite.
Gaozu was the first Chinese emperor to have an intimate male companion, Jiru, as listed in the official histories. As Sima Qian noted, Gaozu, for all his coarseness and blunt manners, was won over by the charms of Jiru. Jiru did not have any particular talent or ability, and won prominence simply by his looks and graces. He was by Gaozu's side day and night. Gaozu's example of officially elevating a male lover to the top of the administration would be followed by nine more rulers of the Han Dynasty.
China is the world's largest consumer of coal and has the largest coal industry. It holds about 13% of the world's reserves, but has one of the worst records in terms of human safety, as thousands die annually.
The process of smelting copper ore was most likely discovered in China around 2800 BC. China is the largest consumer of copper in the world and second largest producer. Copper ore is scarce in China; most of the ore that the Chinese smelt is imported.
The disease results from the multiplication of Plasmodium parasites within red blood cells, causing symptoms that typically include fever and headache, in severe cases progressing to coma or death. It is widespread in tropical and subtropical regions, including much of sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, and the Americas.
The attempts made by Luo's friends to cure him of malaria are based on 中醫 (pronounced Zhong Yi), the practice of Traditional Chinese medicine.
Traditional Chinese medicine has been used for over 2,000 years, and contrary to the philosophy of Western Medicinal practices is primarily concerned with preventing disease rather than curing it. It utilizes concepts such as Yin and Yang, Harmony, Chi-gong, and acupuncture. Diseases are treated as a "disharmony" within the system as a whole, rather than a flaw in a specific organ.
The Little Seamstress is referring to Mao's system of classifying people according to their intellect. Mao's hatred of intellectuals led him to banish "city youth" to the countryside to be re-educated. Usually one had to be enrolled in a middle school to qualify as "city youth" and be sent for re-education in the countryside.
The Little Seamstress has only finished elementary school (the equivalent of primary school in the table below).
|18-22||University or college||Varies||No|
|15-18||Senior high school (middle school)orVocational school||Grades 10-12||No|
|12-14||Junior middle school||Grades 7-9||Yes|
|6-11||Primary school||Grades 1-6||Yes|
"The Little Flower Seller" is a North Korean drama about the anti-Japanese guerrilla movement, accredited to Kim Il-Sung. It is considered one of the “Five Great Revolutionary Operas.” The plot is set during the 1930s, when Japan occupied Korea. It tells the story of a lower class girl who picks flowers to sell, so that she can help her deathly ill mother who is in debt to the landlord.
It was later adapted as a novel, and then a film in 1972.
Mosquito nets cover a bed or living space, protecting occupants from unwanted bugs such as mosquitoes and flies.
They are frequently used in those tropical countries where malaria and other insect-transmitted diseases are common.
Buddhism is the religion and philosophy that developed around the teachings of Buddha.
During the 1949 establishment of the People's Republic of China, many temples were destroyed and the religion was banned. This ban remained in place until the 1980s. Buddhism then resurfaced as the most popular religion of the region.
It is unclear what this plant is. Natural Chinese remedies for malaria include:
Paeonia lactiflora or Chinese Peony. This plant is native to central and eastern Asia and eastern Tibet.
Water buffalo are raised in Asia for meat, dairy and as working animals. Their dung is used for fertilizer, and when dried it can also be a fuel.
In 2000, it was estimated that 97% of the world's water buffalo live in Asia. They are popular because of their ability to thrive on poor food and plough through waterlogged paddies. They have been called the living tractor of the East.
-The Romance of the Three Kingdoms was written by Luo Guanzhong in the 14th century. The story takes place toward the end of the Han dynasty and is part non-fiction and part myth. Although the title implies romance, it is the story of the military and political struggles between three small kingdoms. The story is immensely complex for its time and follows the plot from many different viewpoints.
-The Dream of the Red Chamber was written by Cao Xueqin in the 18th century. It depicts the rise and decline of a wealthy clan in Beijing.
-Jin Ping Mei was written by Lanling Xiaoxiao Sheng no earlier than the 17th century. It is a naturistic journal telling the story of a wealthy socialite who has six wives and several mistresses. The plot follows the sexual struggles of the women who are a part of his "clan."
Dong Qichang (1555-1636) was a Chinese painter, scholar, calligrapher, and art theorist of the later period of the Ming Dynasty. As a painter, he favored expression over formal likeness. He also avoided anything that he thought to be sentimental or slick. These factors led him to create landscapes with intentionally distorted spatial features. His views on expression eventually inspired the later "individualist" painters.
He is also noted as a great scholar and a calligrapher. At age 12, he passed the prefectural civil service examination and won a vital position at the prefectural government school. However, he placed second in his first imperial service exam at seventeen because his calligraphy was terrible. After the exam, he practiced his calligraphy relentlessly and eventually attained the highest rank of imperial servant at the age of 35.
During the Cultural Revolution, Dong's tomb was vandalized and his body, dressed in official Ming court robes, was desecrated by the Red Gaurds.
Shi Tao was a classical painter and poet in 17th century China who was also a member of the Ming Royal House. He was more famous for his painting than his poetry; his most famous painting is "10,000 Ugly Inkblots".