Page 126. " He started with Chopin's Nocturne opus 9 in E Flat major no.2 "
Portrait of Chopin
Public DomainPortrait of Chopin - Credit: Ary Scheffer

 Frédéric Chopin (1810-1849) was a Polish composer and pianist. The three nocturnes known as  Nocturnes Op. 9 were composed between 1830 and 1832, and dedicated to Madame Camille Peyel. The second nocturne in E Flat major is a particularly popular piano piece.

Listen here to the nocturne in E Flat major on Spotify.



Page 134. " Schubert's "Die Forelle." "
by hector

"Die Forelle" (The Trout) is a song for solo voice and piano by Franz Schubert.

Listen on Spotify

Page 138. " listened to her sing Norma "
by hector

Norma by Vincenzo Bellini (1801-1835) is classic bel canto opera. 

Norma is a Druid priestess, betrayed by her Roman lover and the father of her two children.  When she discovers his adultery, she considers killing her children.  Her lover is captured and condemned to the pyre - where she joins him.

Listen on Spotify


Page 138. " while she sang "Casta Diva." "
by hector

A famous cavatina from Norma.

Listen on Spotify


Page 140. " Offenbach! Les Contes d'Hoffmann! "
by hector

Les Contes d'Hoffmann (The Tales of Hoffmann) is an opera by Jacques Offenbach (1819-1880), based on the ghoulish stories of E.T.A Hoffmann.  Hoffmann, a man tormented by a shady nemesis, tells of the three women he has tragically loved: one turned out to be an automaton; one sang herself to death; and one was simply out to steal his reflection...

Listen on Spotify: Barcarolle



Page 145. " He read Czeslaw Milosz "
by hector

Czesław Miłosz (1911-2004) was a Polish poet and writer, who defected to France in 1951.  Later, he taught at Berkeley, California.  He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1980.


Page 147. " She prayed to Saint Rose of Lima "
Procession in honour of Santa Rosa de Lima in Chiquian, Peru
Public DomainProcession in honour of Santa Rosa de Lima in Chiquian, Peru - Credit: Uta Freund
Painting of Santa Rosa de Lima
Public DomainPainting of Santa Rosa de Lima - Credit: Claudio Coello

 Saint Rose of Lima (1586-1617) was the first American Catholic saint. She was born and brought up in Lima, Peru, where she lived a life of abstinence devoted to helping the sick and the poor. Her canonization (elevation as a saint) by Pope Clement X took place in 1671. Today, in Peru and some other Latin American countries, her life and work are celebrated by a public holiday on August 30th.


Page 148. " We all speak Quechua "
Quechua poster in Peru
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeQuechua poster in Peru - Credit: Huhsunqu

Quechua is the name given to a number of native South American languages and dialects which derive from the source-language known as Proto-Quechua. It is spoken in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru, and has an estimated 8-10 million speakers (possibly more). Some native speakers refer to Quechua by its original Incan name of Runa simi.

Click here and here to learn more.