"In three days they would fall upon a band of peaceful Tiguas camped on the river and slaughter them every soul."
Tigua woman (c. 1890)
Public DomainTigua woman (c. 1890) - Credit: Library of Congress

The Tigua are a Puebloan Indian tribe who inhabit the Ysleta section of El Paso, Texas. They were one of the many Southern Tiwa-speaking Puebloan peoples who were displaced from New Mexico in 1680-81, during the Pueblo Revolt against the Spanish.

They were considered extinct as a distinct tribe by the 1930s, but began asserting themselves and laying claim to the land they had lost during the 1960s. In 1968 President Lyndon Jonson signed an Act of Congress recognising the Tigua as a tribe and granting them reservation land in Texas.