"Attacked by Comanches."
Various Comanche portraits
Public DomainVarious Comanche portraits - Credit: Robfergusonjr
Comanche warriors (ca. 1867-74)
Public DomainComanche warriors (ca. 1867-74) - Credit: The University of Texas at Austin

The Comanche are a Native American group whose historic range (the Comancheria) consisted of present-day eastern New Mexico, southern Colorado, northeastern Arizona, southern Kansas, all of Oklahoma, and most of northwest Texas.

The Comanche may have numbered around 45,000 in the late 18th century, but by the mid-19th century they were on the verge of annihilation as a result of Eurasian diseases brought to the New World by European settlers. Outbreaks of smallpox (1817, 1848) and cholera (1849) caused the Comanche population to fall from an estimated 20,000 in mid-century to just a few thousand by the 1870s.

Today, the Comanche Nation consists of 14,700 members, about half of whom live in Oklahoma.