"The rocks about in every sheltered place were covered with ancient paintings"
Pictograph in the Cave of the White Horned Dancer, Hueco Tanks
Creative Commons AttributionPictograph in the Cave of the White Horned Dancer, Hueco Tanks - Credit: Ancheta Wis

The Hueco Tanks are culturally and significant to many Native Americans, such as the Mescalero Apache, the Kiowa, the Hopi, and the Pueblo people.  This significance is partially manifested in the many pictographs (rock paintings) found through the region, some of which are thousands of years old. The site contains the single largest collection of mask paintings by Native Americans in North America, of which hundreds exist at this site.

Bartlett, travelling through the region in 1851, was one of the first explorers to record these pictographs and his accompanying sketches can be seen below.

 

Pictographs recorded by Bartlett
Public DomainPictographs recorded by Bartlett - Credit: John Russell Bartlett
'Indians with shields and bows, painted with a brownish earth; horses with their riders; uncouth looking animals; and a huge rattlesnake.'
Public Domain'Indians with shields and bows, painted with a brownish earth; horses with their riders; uncouth looking animals; and a huge rattlesnake.' - Credit: John Russell Bartlett
More 'rude paintings and sculptures'
Public DomainMore 'rude paintings and sculptures' - Credit: John Russell Bartlett