Galveston is a coastal city located on Galveston Island in the state of Texas.
Named after Bernardo de Gálvez y Madrid, Count of Gálvez, the first European settlements on Galveston Island were constructed around 1816. Mexico established the Port of Galveston in 1825 following its successful revolution from Spain. The city served as the main port for the Texas Navy during the Texas Revolution and in 1836 Galveston was founded, becoming the capital of the Republic of Texas.
During the 19th century, Galveston became a major U.S. commercial centre and one of the largest ports in the United States.