"This country was filled with violent children orphaned by war."
Painting of the Battle of Chickamauga (1890), one of the deadliest battles of the Civil War
Public DomainPainting of the Battle of Chickamauga (1890), one of the deadliest battles of the Civil War - Credit: Kurz & Allison

The American Civil War (1861–1865) was triggered when eleven southern slave states responded to the election of Abraham Lincoln as President by declaring their secession from the United States, as the Confederate States of America (the Confederacy). The other twenty-five states supported the federal government (the Union). After four years of bitter warfare, mostly within the Southern states, the Confederates surrendered and slavery was outlawed everywhere in the nation.

At least 620,000 Americans died in the Civil War, with some experts claiming a death toll reaching 700,000.

 

 

 

 

Confederate dead, killed during the Battle of Chancellorsville (1963)
Public DomainConfederate dead, killed during the Battle of Chancellorsville (1963) - Credit: Andrew J. Russell