Bexar, Texas

Bexar was founded around 1830 and named after the mission, San Antonio de Béxar, which was the location of the Battle of the Alamo.

The Battle of the Alamo (February 23 – March 6, 1836) was a pivotal event in the Texas Revolution. Following a 13-day siege, Mexican troops under President General Antonio López de Santa Anna launched an assault on the Alamo Mission near San Antonio de Béxar (modern-day San Antonio, Texas). All but two of the Texian defenders were killed.

Santa Anna's perceived cruelty during the battle inspired many Texians—both Texas settlers and adventurers from the United States—to join the Texian Army. Buoyed by a desire for revenge, the Texians defeated the Mexican Army at the Battle of San Jacinto, on April 21, 1836, ending the revolution.


Fort Griffin, Texas

Fort Griffin was a Cavalry fort established in the late 1860s in the northern part of West Texas to give settlers protection from Comanche and Kiowa raids.

It was named after Charles Griffin, a Civil War Union general who had commanded the Department of Texas.






The fort was officially opened in 1867. It was the starting point for many expeditions westward, and a substantial community built up around it to serve them.

Chihuahua, Chihuahua
Battle of Sacremento
Public DomainBattle of the Sacramento

Chihuahua was founded in 1709, on the intersection of the Chuviscar and Sacramento rivers.  It was an important center of Spanish missionary activity.

During the Mexican-American War, Chihuahua fell to U.S. forces in 1847, after the Mexican Army was defeated at the Battle of the Sacramento River, 15 miles north of the city.

Chihuahua is now a significant industrial city, with nearly a million residents.

Janos, Chihuahua

The town of Janos is named after the Janos people, the indigenous inhabitants of the area. The Janos did not survive contact with the Spanish and are now extinct. 

Franciscan missionaries built a mission here in 1640, called Soledad de Janos. The mission was destroyed in indigenous revolts.

Janos is now a town of around 2,700 people.

The Plains of San Augustin, New Mexico
OrganNM AD2001.jpg
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeOrganNM AD2001.jpg - Credit: Talltanbarbie (talk).

The Plains of San Augustin are located in New Mexico, in the San Augustin Basin.

They are now the site of a large radio astronomy observatory, and are claimed to be a hotspot of UFO activity.

Nacori, Sonora

Navidad 2008 Nacori Chico

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Nácori Chico is a small town in the east of the Mexican state of Sonora.

In 1886, Mexican Army militia fought Americans and Apaches sixty miles north of the town in an incident known as the Crawford Affair. During the battle, American Captain Emmet Crawford was killed and his death nearly sparked a war between Mexico and the United States.

Ures, Sonora

Ures is one of the oldest towns in Sonora, dating back to a 17th century Jesuit mission.  It was capital of Sonora from 1838 to 1842.


Santa Cruz River, Arizona
by cm

Santa Cruz River
Creative Commons AttributionSanta Cruz River - Credit: Gene Spesard
The Santa Cruz River rises in southern Arizona, flows across the border into Sonora, Mexico, and then back into Arizona, where it continues north to Tucson.

In the nineteenth century, the area was very marshy, but the river is now usually dry.

Colorado River

The Colorado River forms the border between Arizona and the states of California and Nevada.  It flows from the Rocky Mountains in Colorado 1,450 miles to the Gulf of California.

The Hoover Dam was constructed between 1931 and 1936 to form Lake Mead, the largest reservoir in the USA.


Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeNankoweap-Colorado - Credit: Drenaline
Royal Arch Route-Tonto.JPG
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeRoyal Arch Route-Tonto - Credit: Gonzo fan2007
Canyon midday.jpg
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeCanyon midday - Credit: Realbrvhrt (Talk / contribs)
San Diego, California



The Fort Presidio of San Diego was established in 1769, along with a Franciscan mission. After Mexico's independence, the fort was abandoned and the town grew up below.

With the end of the Mexican-American war and the great influx of Americans during the gold rush of 1848, California was admitted to the United States in 1850. San Diego was incorporated as a city in 1850.