"'What fun it would be,' he thought, 'if one didn't have to think about happiness!'"

Happiness as the key principle in society is the basis of the moral theory of Utilitarianism.

In brief, utilitarianism is a consequentialist theory that is based on the idea of maximising pleasure and minimising pain for the greatest number of people. As a consequentialist theory, it asserts that the consequences of our actions define whether the action is morally right or wrong. For Utilitarianism, a moral action is one that benefits the majority.

The Utility Principle was defined by Jeremy Bentham, a moral philosopher, as 'the greatest happiness for the greatest number'.



The Utility (in short, 'happiness') test

Jeremy Bentham