Page 76. " Not more than half a dozen people in the whole Centre had ever been inside a Savage Reservation. "

A Savage Reservation is later described in Brave New World as a place which, owing to unfavourable climatic or geological conditions, or poverty of natural resources, has not been worth the expense of civilizing. These places are not modernized, but left to practice their traditional ways and values with minimal outside interference.

Savage Reservations resemble the Indian Reservations found in America today, which help preserve traditional Native American culture. Click here for a list of Indian Reservations.

The Zuni tribe is real, living in a reservation in New Mexico. Follow this link to see pictures of the reservation and to find out more about the Zuni.

Zuni Reservation in New Mexico in 1879
Public DomainZuni Reservation in New Mexico in 1879 - Credit: John K. Hillers
Page 77. " Apparently, for going walks in the Lake District; for that was what he now proposed. Land on the top of Skiddaw and walk for a couple of hours in the heather. "
Skiddaw mountain, the town of Keswick and Derwent Water seen from Walla Crag
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeSkiddaw mountain, the town of Keswick and Derwent Water seen from Walla Crag - Credit: DAVID ILIFF/wikimedia commons

The Lake District is a beautiful area of North-West England that is very popular with walkers, wildlife watchers, outdoor sports enthusiasts and tourists. As its name suggests, it boasts a large number of stunning lakes in between scenic mountains and picturesque towns. Skiddaw is a mountain north of the town of Keswick, which lies on Derwent Water. It is the fourth highest mountain in England, and its peak dominates the skyline in that area of the Northern Lakes. Many walkers enjoy tackling the mountains of the Lake District, often following Wainwright’s Walks, famous guides written by the British fellwalker Alfred Wainwright.

Google Map
Page 93. " Their black hair was braided with fox fur and red flannel. "
Drawing of a Breechcloth
GNU Free Documentation LicenseDrawing of a Breechcloth - Credit: Aaron of Mpls/Wikimedia Commons

Originally, Zuni men did not wear much besides breechcloths (a garment used to cover the loins) or short kilts. These would be made from cloth, deer-skin or animal furs. Leggings made from soft leather might also be worn to protect their legs. They liked to keep their hair shoulder-length, and wore cloth headbands around their foreheads.

A Zuni Woman
Public DomainA Zuni Woman - Credit: Henry F. Farny

Zuni women wore mantas (a knee-length cotton dress). This would be fastened at the right shoulder, leaving the left shoulder bare. They wore their hair long and loose. When Christian missionaries came, however, this dress style was considered immodest, so Zuni women began wearing shifts (a loose-fitting undergarment) underneath their mantas.

A Breechcloth
Public DomainA Breechcloth - Credit: National Parks Service

Both men and women wore deerskin moccasins (a soft leather slipper or shoe).

Follow this link to see images and find out more about Native American clothing. Click here to find out how the breechcloth and leggings are constructed. 

Page 98. " they had tramped out a strange limping dance round the square; round and again round "

The Native American 'the rain dance' is intended to invoke rain and so ensure a good harvest.

Native American Potawatomi Rain Dance, c.1920
Public DomainNative American Potawatomi Rain Dance, c.1920 - Credit: Potawatomi Agency, Bureau of Indian Affairs
A Rain Dance in Harar, Ethiopia
Public DomainA Rain Dance in Harar, Ethiopia - Credit: Anderson smart/Wikimedia Commons

Some tribes – among them the Zuni – perform the rain dance both to induce precipitation and to cleanse evil spirits from the earth. They believe that the rain they summon contains the spirits of past tribal chiefs, who battle evil spirits in the transitional plane between our reality and the spirit world. The dance also calls for a volunteer to take part in unusual and extreme acts of worship, such as the whipping described in this scene. Feathers and materials of a blue shade (usually turquoise) are worn during the ceremony to symbolise wind and rain. 

Click here to find out more about Pueblo dances and ceremonial dress. 

A Rain Dance Performed at the Karneval der Kulturen (Carnival of Cultures), Berlin
Creative Commons AttributionA Rain Dance Performed at the Karneval der Kulturen (Carnival of Cultures), Berlin - Credit: extranoise at Flickr