Luise Rainer (born 1910) was a Jewish German film actress. After making a few films in Austria, she was offered a three-year contract with MGM and came to Hollywood in 1935. In Hollywood, she made seven big films and won two Oscars (the first woman to do so). However she did not enjoy stardom and, disillusioned by Hollywood, she returned to Europe.
She later returned to the stage and to the small screen, and took some minor parts in movies. She also studied medicine and did charity work with displaced children in Europe. She celebrated her centenary in London in 2011.