Wendell Lewis Willkie (1892-1944) was a corporate lawyer and the Republican candidate for the United States presidency in 1940. He was a high profile businessman, a champion of civil rights for minorities, and, until 1938, a Democrat. He was a strong critic of the New Deal.
As a recent Democrat, the president of a major utility holding corporation, and someone with no political experience, Willkie was unique as a Republican candidate. He lost the 1940 election to the incumbent, President Roosevelt.
Greta Garbo (1905-1990) was a Swedish film actress, and an icon during Hollywood's silent and classic periods. She was nominated four times for an Academy Award, and received an honorary one in 1954 for her "luminous and unforgettable screen performances". In 1999, the American Film Institute ranked Garbo fifth on their list of greatest female stars of all time.
In 1941 she retired, at the age of 35, after appearing in 28 films.
Seconal is the brand name for secobarbital and is marketed by Eli Lilly.
It has anaesthetic, anticonvulsant, sedative and hypnotic properties.
Man o' War (1917-1947) is considered one of the greatest thoroughbred racehorses of all time. He won 20 of his 21 races.
He was owned and bred by August Belmont Jr, who had joined the US army at age 65 to serve in France during World War I. While he was overseas, his wife named a new foal "Man o' War" in honour of her husband.
The James B. Duke House is located at the northeast corner of Fifth Avenue and 1 East 78th Street. It is one of the great mansions of Millionaire’s Row, formerly owned by James Buchanan Duke, one of the founding partners of American Tobacco Company and the owner of Duke Power. Construction was completed in 1912. In 1952, James’ wife and daughter donated the building to New York University’s Institute of Fine Arts.
The Frick Collection is housed in the former Henry Clay Frick House, an opulent mansion designed and constructed in 1913-1914. The building was enlarged in the early 1930s for use as a public institution. It opened to the public in December 1935 as a small art museum, with a collection of old master paintings and fine furniture.
The Pierre is a luxury hotel dating from 1930. It was established by Charles Pierre Casalasco, who arrived in New York as a 25-year-old immigrant and quickly established himself as a society figure. The 714-room hotel, at the corner of Fifth Avenue and 61st Street, has unrestricted views of Central Park. It is now part of the Taj hotel group.
Chow mein is a Chinese term for a dish of stir-fried noodles. It is made either with soft noodles or with thin crispy noodles (Hong Kong-style).
Martha Jane Canary (1852-1903), known as Calamity Jane, was an American frontierswoman and professional scout. She was the oldest of six children. In 1865, her family moved from Missouri to Utah, via Montana. The journey was extremely tough and perilous, but Jane excelled as a horsewoman and hunter. Her mother died during the journey, and her father died two years later, leaving Jane as head of the family at age 15.
She travelled with her siblings to Wyoming, and there took whatever work she could find. In 1874, she found work as a scout and, less famously, as a prostitute. Much of her fame comes from her own tales, which may have been exaggerated – but she was certainly an intrepid, brave and resourceful woman of the American frontier.
Mainbocher is a fashion label founded by the American couturier Main Rousseau Bocher (1890-1976). The house of Mainbocher opened in Avenue George V in Paris in 1929, and in New York in 1940. Mainbocher designed expensive, elegant haute coutre dresses and gowns for an exclusive clientele that included fashion editors, socialites and stars.
In 1940, Main Bocher relocated his business to 57th Street, New York, right next to Tiffany’s. He continued to design for an elite clientele. In 1947, eight of the New York Dress Institute's Ten Best-Dressed Women in the World were Mainbocher clients. In 1961, Mainbocher moved his business to the KLM Building on Fifth Avenue. He retired in 1971, at the age of 81, and closed his fashion house.
Idlewild is the original name of John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City (after the Idlewild Golf Course that it displaced). Construction of the airport began in 1943.
In 1943, the project was renamed Major General Alexander E. Anderson Airport, after a Queens resident who died in 1942. In 1948, the name was changed again, to New York International Airport, Anderson Field. However, the airport was commonly known as Idlewild until December 1963, when it was renamed John F. Kennedy International Airport, one month after the President’s assassination.
The Frank E. Campbell Funeral Chapel is a funeral home on Madison Avenue and 81st Street. It was founded in 1898. The company has a long history of service to the rich and famous, and prides itself on offering privacy and discretion.
Famous clients include Montgomery Clift, Joan Crawford, Greta Garbo, Judy Garland, Rita Hayworth, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis and John Lennon.