"A show-down with Hitler"

Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) was Chancellor of Germany between 1933 and 1945. He also awarded himself the title of Führer (leader) which corresponded to the title Il Duce adopted by the Italian fascist dictator Mussolini.

By 1936, Hitler's Nazi Party had absolute control in Germany and was operating a one-party dictatorship whose anti-semitic and racist policies were already causing some concern amongst the international community.