Page 276. " I ate salmon kedgeree and cold Bradenham ham "
Creative Commons Attributionkedgeree - Credit: Jules, Flickr

Kedgeree is a lightly curried dish of rice, flaked fish (often smoked haddock), hard-boiled eggs and parsley.

Its origins lie in India, and it was introduced into the U.K. by returning British colonials.

Recipe for kedgeree


Bradenham ham is a type of cured ham which originated in Wiltshire.

After being dry-cured in salt, the ham is steeped for six months in a liquid cure containing molasses, coriander, and juniper berries. When completely cured, the ham is bright red on the inside, and black on the outside.

Page 277. " muscat grapes and cantaloup "
Black muscat grapes
Creative Commons AttributionBlack muscat grapes - Credit: KetaiBlogger, Flickr
Cantaloupe melons
Public DomainCantaloupe melons - Credit: USDA/Scott Bauer, Wikimedia Commons

To Waugh, writing during WW2 when fresh fruit was scarce in Britain, the idea of such exotic fruits would, no doubt, have been extremely attractive.

Such produce would also have been seen as extremely exotic by most contemporary readers, as very little foreign or out-of-season fruit was stocked by the average British greengrocer.

Muscat grapes (available in both green and black varieties) are sweet grapes with a flavour sometimes described as 'flowery', sometimes as 'musky'.

A cantaloup (or cantaloupe) is an orange-fleshed melon.

Page 285. " He's like a character from Chekov "
Anton Chekhov
Public DomainAnton Chekhov - Credit: unknown

Anton Chekhov (1860-1904) was a Russian short story writer and playwright.

Amongst his best known plays are Uncle Vanya (1899/1900) and Three Sisters (1899-1900).

His very many short stories include: The Bet (1889), The Black Monk (1894) and The Lady with the Dog (1899).

Julia may have many ideas in mind when she describes her brother as like a character from Chekov. However, describing a character as Chekhovian generally implies that they are introspective, uncommunicative, frustrated or disillusioned.

Page 288. " we orphans of the storm "

Orphans of the Storm was the title of a well known 1921 film, directed by D.W. Griffith.

It was based on a French play called Des Deux Orphelines by Adolphe Philippe d'Ennery and Eugène Cormon.

A film version of the same story was also made in 1915, under the title The Two Orphans.



Page 293. " Apparently he's one of Lord Copper's middle-aged young men on the Daily Beast "
A copy of 'Scoop'
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeA copy of 'Scoop' - Credit: crowbot, Flickr

Lord Copper, owner of the Daily Beast, is a character in Evelyn Waugh's comic novel about journalism, Scoop (1938).

The character is said to be an amalgam of two actual newspaper owners: Lord Beaverbrook and Lord Northcliffe.



Page 294. " the Duke of Clarence "

Duke of Clarence is a title which has, at different points in history, been given to junior members of the British Royal Family.

Most recently, the title was awarded to Prince Albert, the eldest son of Edward VII, who died of pneumonia in 1892. In the period under discussion in Brideshead Revisited, therefore, there was no real Duke of Clarence.

It is likely, however, that Waugh's Duke and Duchess of Clarence are modelled on the Duke and Duchess of York (see bookmark, p.203).


Duke and Duchess of York, dressed in the robes of the 'Gorsedd of the Bards' at the National Eisteddfod of Wales in 1931
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeDuke and Duchess of York, dressed in the robes of the 'Gorsedd of the Bards' at the National Eisteddfod of Wales in 1931 - Credit: unknown
Page 295. " Throughout luncheon they talked without stopping of Mrs Simpson "
Mrs Wallis Simpson
Public DomainMrs Wallis Simpson - Credit: unknown

Mrs Wallis Simpson was the American divorcée for whom King Edward VIII relinquished the throne in December 1936.

Following the couple's marriage in 1937, she became the Duchess of Windsor.

Presumably, this luncheon conversation takes place during the abdication crisis, the period of constitutional turmoil which preceded the actual abdication.

Page 295. " There were representatives of the Tate Gallery "
Tate Britain, London
GNU Free Documentation LicenseTate Britain, London - Credit: Aldo Ardetti, Wikimedia Commons

The Tate Gallery (originally the National Gallery of British Art) was an art gallery founded in 1897, and situated on London's Millbank.

Nowadays, the Millbank site is known as Tate Britain, to distinguish it from Tate Modern


Google Map
Page 295. " and the National Art Collections Fund "

The National Art Collections Fund was a British charity, founded in 1903, whose purpose was to raise funds towards the purchase of artworks for the nation.

Still in existence today, the charity is now known as the The Art Fund.

Page 297. " The corner of a hothouse at T-t-rent or T-t-tring? "

Trent is Trent Park, a mansion house in Enfield, Middlesex, which in the 1930s belonged to Sir Phillip Sassoon. Today, Trent Park is the campus of Middlesex University.


Trent Park House, Enfield, Middlesex (2010)
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeTrent Park House, Enfield, Middlesex (2010) - Credit: Christine Matthews

Google Map






Tring Park Mansion is a country house in Tring in Hertfordshire. It was purchased by Baron Lionel de Rothschild in 1872, and in 1889 its grounds became the site of the Walter Rothschild Zoological Museum. The private museum was a 21st birthday present to Baron de Rothschild's grandson Walter who had a passion for Zoology.

Today, the mansion is home to The Tring Park School for the Performing Arts, and parts of the surrounding parkland are open to the public, and managed by the Woodland Trust.


Tring Park Mansion (2009)
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeTring Park Mansion (2009) - Credit: Ian Petticrew

Google Map


Page 298. " 'I was given the address by a dirty old man in the Boeuf sur le Toit "

The Boeuf sur le Toit (Ox on the Roof) was a Paris cabaret-bar and restaurant, founded in 1922 by Louis Moyses. It was situated originally on the rue Boissy d'Anglas, then on rue de Penthièvre, before moving to its present site on the rue du Colisée, where it continues to operate as a restaurant.

The bar was a venue for Jazz music, and le boeuf became the informal French term for a jam session.

The name comes from a surrealist ballet which had a Brazilian-inspired score by Darius Milhaud, a script by Jean Cocteau, and stage designs by the artist Raoul Dufy. Le Boeuf sur le Toit ballet was premiered at the Comédie des Champs-Élysées (part of the Théâtre des Champs Élysées) in 1920.

Listen on Spotify



Page 299. " Would your friend care to rumba?' "

The term rumba is used to describe two different kinds of dance:

It describes a group of Afro-Cuban dances, the most famous of which is known as the guagancó, a particular feature of which is a pelvic movement known as a vacunao. It is usually danced by a man and a woman; the man's movements are sexually suggestive, whilst the woman's movements are defensive.

Alternatively, rumba is a type of ballroom dancing based on the latin dance-style, the bolero-son.

The guagancó:                                                                                 The ballroom rumba:


Page 299. " I was back in Oxford looking out over Christ Church meadow through a window of Ruskin-Gothic "
The Meadow Building with its numerous lancet windows
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeThe Meadow Building with its numerous lancet windows - Credit: Ozeye, Flickr

Charles is reminded of Sebastian's university rooms in Christ Church's Meadow Building.

Ruskin-Gothic was the style of architecture favoured by the art critic John Ruskin, also known as Venetian Gothic.

A particular feature of Venetian Gothic architecture is the lancet window, a tall narrow window with a pointed arch at the top.

Doge's Palace, Venice - an example of Venetian Gothic architecture
Creative Commons AttributionDoge's Palace, Venice - an example of Venetian Gothic architecture - Credit: Sue Elias, Flickr


Page 300. " not Jane Austen, not M-m-miss M-m-mitford. "

Jane Austen (1775-1817) is a renowned English romantic novelist whose best known works include Sense and Sensibility (1811); Pride and Prejudice (1813); Mansfield Park (1814); and Emma (1816).

Jane Austen on Book Drum

Mary Russell Mitford (1787-1855) is an English novelist remembered mainly for Our Village, a series of sketches documenting life in her home hamlet of Three Mile Cross in Berkshire.


Anthony Blanche is implying that the two novelists represent a particular kind of prim and proper Englishness.

Page 300. " become a Gauguin, a Rimbaud "

Two globe-trotting artists:

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903) was a French painter who spent some time living and working in Martinique, Tahiti, and the Marquesas Islands, where the native life influenced the colourful, primitive style of much of his work.

Arthur Rimbaud (1854-1891) was a French symbolist poet who lived a colourful and varied life. As a young man, he had a relationship with another French symbolist poet, Paul Verlaine, and they lived together for a while in Paris and London. Rimbaud subsequently travelled widely, living and working for certain periods of time in Europe, Cyprus, Aden and Ethiopia.


Joyfulness, 1892
Public DomainJoyfulness, 1892 - Credit: Paul Gauguin