"A secret armistice with the Allies"
by cm

British troops crossed from Sicily to the Italian mainland on 3 September 1943, and the armistice was signed the same day.   It was announced on 8 September, but the secrecy did not prevent German troops from disarming their former Italian allies and taking over key defensive positions throughout Italy.

The English Patient by Michael Ondaatje is set in part in post-Armistice Italy.