"a half-blooded Creek from Enid"

Creek is a name applied to the Native American people who once lived in present-day Oklahoma, Georgia, Alabama, and Florida. They were more formally known as the Muscogee. The name “Creek” probably came from the Ocmulgee River in central Georgia, known by the natives as “Ochese-hatchee” (creek), where English explorers built a trading post in 1690.

Enid, the county seat of Garfield County, is the ninth largest city in Oklahoma. One of the land offices for the Cherokee Strip Land Run of 1893 was located in Enid. Its 2010 population was 49,379.

Chief White Halfoat understandably refers to oil because its discovery in the Enid area in the 1910s drove a boom in the city until World War II.